The Anatomy Of The Foot And Ankle

All About The Anatomy Of The Foot And Ankle

The anatomy of the foot and ankle is incredible, a triumph of evolution and practicality.

The Anatomy Of The Foot And

All About The Anatomy Of The Foot And Ankle

All of our weight, sometimes in excess of several hundred pounds, is placed upon our two ankles and feet.

Through a complex set of musculature, bones, and muscle memory, we are capable of walking, running jumping, and moving throughout our world without a second thought to our ankles and feet. Only when something goes wrong do we begin to take notice.

Lets take a moment to review the basic anatomy of our feet and ankles. Designed as a brief guide to this region of our body, we will look at the muscles, bones, and purpose of these particular parts of our body in our lives. With that out of the way, we begin with the part of our body furthest away from us, our toes.

I.Our Outer Feet: Our Toes, aka the Phalanges

Even something as simple as a toe is complex when you view everything that goes into its design. First, all five toes, except for the big toe, have 3 bones in them, known as Phalanges.

While the big toe only has the distal phalanges (the one furthest from the foot) and the proximal phalanges (the one closest to the foot,) all other toes have an intermediate bone known as the middle phalanges.

On the top of every toe grows nails, designed to help support the ends of our digits. With our toes, we can better balance, shift our weight, and quickly react. As an interesting thought experiment, pay attention to your toes the next time you go for a walk. You may be surprised how often you use them without even knowing.

There are several conditions that effect our toes, including gout, bunions on the big toe, ingrown toenails, mallet toes, claw toes, and Morton’s neuroma.

If you believe something may be wrong with your toes, you should get it checked out immediately. Given the crucial role that toes play in balance, treating your toes early can save you a lot of hassle later in life.

II.The Center Part of Our Feet

In the central part of our feet, you can find several different bones, including the talus, the cuboid, the navicular, and the cuniform bones. These bones are central to our success in walking. Held together by muscle and tendons, these bones react to our weight, and are designed to deal with the stress and strain associated with walking/running.

In addition, they are often considered pyramidal in shape, as they explain the bump at the top of the center of our foot.

The center part of our feet is an excellent place for several medical conditions to occur. A common problem in the center of the foot is Plantar Fasciitis. Effecting approximately 1 out of 10 Americans over the course of their lifetime, Plantar Fasciitis is caused by a wearing out of the plantar fascia.


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Being over 40, overweight, having bad walking posture can all increase the chances of Plantar Fasciitis. Another common central foot problem is athletes foot, which usually results in skin irritation around the bottom of the feet, requiring daily treatment. Gout, which is the inflammation and crystal production between joints causing severe pain, can also occur here.

III.The Hindfoot: Our Heel and Ankles

The Tibia and Fibula form the parts of the ankle that we are most accustomed to seeing. In addition, there is the calcaneus bone at the back of our foot. This bone is the largest bone in our feet. Within the ankle, all of our complex motion is made possible. The Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscle to the heel of our foot, makes running and walking simple.

When thinking about the anatomy of the foot and ankle, the heel and ankles of our feet is another place where osteoarthritis may occur, causing deformity, swelling, and pain. In addition, our heels are subject to heel spurs and calluses over the course of our lives and ranging from manageable to painful.

Due to the complexity of our feet, figuring out solutions to various conditions may require understanding the anatomy and using targeted cures. Outside of that, there are some simple ways to improve the overall quality of your feet.

The first is to lose weight if you are above your recommended weight level. Additional weight adds additional pressure to your feet and the complex system of bones, muscles, and ligaments that comprise it.

By losing weight, you give all of this a break. Physical therapy, insoles, and antibiotics can also be used to treat a range of conditions that may come about through your feet.

Finally, if the problem refuses to go away or is based in a part of the foot that cannot be directly addressed, then surgery may be the only option left to you.

You can also learn more about The Anatomy Of The Foot And Ankle, all you need to do is visit health related discussion boards or do a simple Google search.

The Anatomy Of The Foot And Ankle FAQ:

Q: What is the basic anatomy of the foot and ankle?
A: The anatomy of the human foot and ankle is quite complex. The article and video here above shares a lot of helpful information.

Q: How to learn foot anatomy?
A: Books about human anatomy and medical discussion forums are good places to learn. Here is more information.

Q: What is the anatomy of the ankle?
A: The topic is large, there is a lot of information available. This article shares some basic information.

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